What we plant and protect

This page is only intended to help you with identifying those plants (as many as possible) that we are using (planting) or protecting in this project.

Botanical Naming

Rare White Rata Vine in flower, February 2010

Rare White Rata Vine in flower, February 2010
[Larger image]


Copyright: Sylvia Jenkin

Botanical plant names follow an International code that groups botanically similar plants in a systematic way based on the descriptions of a plant's means of reproduction, ie the structure of their flowers.

The system allows for four levels of naming; Family, Genus, Species, Cultivar.

The last three levels are used in situations such as plant labels.

An easy and helpful way of understanding botanical naming is to think of the Genus as a Surname and the Species as the First Name.  The names are printed in italics, the genus name always beginning with a capital letter, and the species name a lower case letter.  Latin and Greek are primarily used for these names, plus bits of other languages as well as names of people and places

For example in the name Metrosideros excelsa (Pohutakawa):

  • Metrosideros is the Genus (surname), and
  • excelsa is the species (first name).

Metrosideros excelsa is Pohutakawa, or New Zealand Christmas Tree.

Metrosideros perforata is White rata (vine).

Metrosideros robusta is Northern rata.

Metrosideros umbellata is South Island rata.

List of Plants

Note: First 3 columns in the table below can be sorted in ascending / descending order by clicking on the column heading.
 

What we plant and protect
Botanical Name ▾ Common Name Maori Name Links (more info)
Aristotelia serrata wineberry makomako
Arthropodium cirratum NZ rock lily rengarenga
Astelia fragrans bush lily kakaha / kowhara
Beilschmiedia tawa tawa tawa
Brachyglottis repanda rangiora rangiora
Carex lessoniana cutty grass rautahi
Carex secta niggerhead pukio
Carpodetus serratus marbleleaf putaputaweta
Chamaecytisus prolifer
var. palmensis
tree lucerne  
Coprosma areolata coprosma  
Coprosma cunninghamii coprosma  
Coprosma grandifolia coprosma kanono
Coprosma propinqua swamp coprosma mingimingi
Coprosma rhamanioides thorny coprosma  
Coprosma robusta coprosma karamu
Cordyline australis cabbage tree ti kouka
Cordyline banksii x forest cabbage tree ti ngahere
Cyperus ustulatus coastal cutty grass /
giant umbrella sedge
toetoe upoko-tangata
Dacrycarpus dacryioides white pine kahikatea
Dacrydium cupressinum red pine rimu
Dianella nigra blueberry (inkberry) turutu
Dicksonia squarrosa rough / brown tree fern wheki
Dysoxylum spectabile NZ mahogany kohekohe
Elaeocarpus dentatus hinau hinau
Freycinetia banksii screw palm kiekie
Fuchsia excorticata tree fuchsia kotukutuku
Geniestoma ligustrifolium maori privet hangehange
Griselinia littoralis broadleaf papauma
Griselinia lucida shining broadleaf akapuka
Hebe stricta hebe koromiko
Hedycarya arborea pigeonwood porokaiwhiri
Knightia excelsa NZ honeysuckle rewarewa
Kunzea ericoides white tea tree kanuka (white manuka)
Laurelia novae-zelandiae pukatea pukatea
Leptospermum scoparium tea tree manuka
Libertia grandiflora NZ iris mikoikoi
Macropiper excelsum pepper tree kawakawa
Melicope ternata wharangi wharangi
Melicytus ramiflorus whiteywood mahoe
Metrosideros perforata white rata rata
Metrosideros robusta northern rata rata
Myrsine australis red matipo mapou
Parsonia heterophylla NZ jasmine kaihua
Pennantia corymbosa bellbird tree kaikomako
Phormium cookianum mountain flax wharariki
Phormium tenax NZ flax harakeke
Pittosporum eugenioides lemonwood tarata
Pittosporum tenuifolium black matipo kohuhu / kohukohu
Podocarpus totara totara totara
Prumnopitys taxifolia black pine matai
Pseudopanax arboreus fivefinger whauwhaupaku
Pseudopanax crassifolius lancewood horoeka
Rhopalostylis sapida nikau palm nikau
Schefflera digitata seven finger pate
Solanum laciniatum nightshade poroporo
Sophora microphylla kowhai kowhai
Streblus banksii milk tree (large leaved) turepo